Sebastian Klüsener

About Sebastian Klüsener

Sebastian Klüsener is a research scientist at the Max-Planck-Institute for Demographic Research in Rostock, Germany. His research focuses on interdependencies between policy contexts and demographic behaviour, long-term spatial aspects of demographic change and the role of social interaction in demographic decision-making.

Family Policies and the Western European Fertility Divide

A distinct fertility divide has emerged in Western Europe in recent decades. Countries in Central and Southern Europe are reporting cohort fertility rates far below replacement level. Among these are the German-speaking countries, where fertility has long been at sub-replacement levels. In Germany, the cohort fertility rates for women born in 1960 are around 1.6. This is well below the figures for countries in north-western Europe which all register cohort fertility rates close to replacement levels. This includes United Kingdom (2.0), Belgium (1.9), France (2.1), and Denmark (1.9), among others. Recent forecasts by Myrskylä, Gold­stein, and Cheng (2013) that extend to cohorts born in 1979 suggest that this divide is persistent and may even increase slightly over time.

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