James Robards

About James Robards

James Robards is a Research Fellow in the EPSRC Care Life Cycle research project at the University of Southampton. The research programme is developing a suite of models representing the socio-economic and demographic processes and organisations implicated in the UK’s health and social care provision. In 2012 James completed his PhD ‘Estimating the fertility of migrants to England and Wales using the Office for National Statistics Longitudinal Study.’ James is currently involved with research using a beta test version of the ONS LS with 2011 Census data

Fertility in England and Wales – The Possible Role of Changes in the Timing of Childbearing Among the UK-Born and Immigrants

Over the last decade England and Wales has seen an increase in the total fertility rate (TFR) from a low of 1.63 in 2001 to 1.9 in recent years. While the TFR measures the current quantum of childbearing it can be influenced by changes in the timing of childbearing. Potential drivers of the increase in the TFR include increasing fertility among older women, increasing fertility among women in their 20s and possible influence from government benefits (e.g. tax credits and maternity and paternity leave) (ONS, 2013).

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