A variety of measures have been used to examine individuals’ health status. The most frequently used measures are subjective ones, such as self-rated health (SRH) and self-perceived dependence in activities of daily living (ADL). Objective measures and biomarkers are rarely used in this context. The introduction of such measures may provide an important complement to SRH and similar indicators. Recently objective measures such as grip strength and lung function gained popularity. SRH and grip strength are static indicators, capturing deviations from a norm perceived as healthy.
Due to high union dissolution rates, single parents are increasingly present on the relational market. Gaining insight into the re-partnering dynamics among these individuals is relevant from different perspectives. From a parent’s perspective, forming a new union has been identified as one of the main predictors of ‘recovering’ from the dissolution of a previous union, both in terms of improving social and emotional well-being, and financial resources (Sweeney 2010). From a child’s perspective, the arrival of a stepparent increases the availability of parental resources in the household. However, empirical evidence supporting the beneficial effects of a transition from single-parent family to stepfamily remains scarce and inconclusive (Sweeney 2010).
According to the most recent World Value Survey (WVS) conducted in Brazil in 2014, roughly 78% of the Brazilian population disagreed with the statement that marriage is an outdated institution. This share has increased since 1991, when the first WVS wave in Brazil revealed that 71% disagreed with this statement. This temporal change may indicate that Brazilians’ beliefs on family issues have moved in a more traditional or conservative direction. Continue reading
There is a long tradition of debating the relative merits of small village schools versus larger central, consolidated schools. In weighing the advantages and disadvantages of both, the arguments commonly fall within two camps. On the one hand, larger schools are presumed to be more efficient and offer superior facilities and broader curricular choice. On the other hand, smaller schools are often felt to afford individual teaching interactions and encourage greater integration within community life. When considering the value of a local school as a vital focal point of village life, the debate extends beyond strictly pedagogical concerns and into the realms of demography, migration, social cohesion, and child-parent experiences.
The past century has witnessed significant changes in the ways people practice their relationships. A century ago marriage was ‘in vogue,’ and people in an intimate relationship seldom lived with a partner before getting married. However, since the 1970s, there has been a trend towards pre-marital cohabitation, followed closely by a rising prevalence of cohabitation without marriage. At the dawn of the 21st century, ‘living apart together (LAT)’ — that is, a couple in a steady and committed relationship who live apart in two separate households — is a new buzzword hailed to predict the future of intimate partnerships.
The age group above retirement age is the fastest growing age group in many countries. As most diseases and disorders occur in higher ages, this implies that there will be higher demands on the health care and pension systems. Even though many have argued that societies are facing an economic and demographic challenge, it is arguably also a great success; more people reach old age and live longer. But some groups of individuals tend to be healthier than others.
The current flows of people migrating from Syria and other war-torn countries have captured public attention. It has become clear that governments in Europe are ill-prepared to deal with the large scale displacement and movement of people. Much of public debate has centred on ‘spreading the burden’ of accommodating and integrating refugees within national and local communities. Yet migration can – and does – influence the supply of skills and expertise within the labour market.
Have you ever ticked an answer box on a form or survey because it was the best choice available, even though it didn’t quite fit your experience? While that may be frustrating, for most people it has no direct bearing on their daily life. But what if your response had an immediate financial impact on whether or not you lived above or below the poverty line? That would be more than just frustrating and you’d probably demand a change in how your information was recorded.
Unmarried cohabitation has become an inherent part of Europe’s demographic landscape. Its increasing popularity has fuelled the public and scientific debate on whether cohabitation has become a life stage preceding marriage or whether it is about to replace marriage altogether. Our recently published paper explores whether there are specific types of cohabiters who are more likely to get married than others.
China is scrapping its one-child policy and officially allowing all couples to have two children. While some may think this heralds an overnight switch, the reality is that it is far less dramatic. This is, in fact, merely the latest in an array of piecemeal national and local reforms implemented since 1984.